Many of us looking to purchase a CCTV system are seeking to understand all the features and specifications. We want to know how these systems can benefit us. Not to mention, we want to understand the legalities behind specific CCTV systems options such as audio and video recording laws.
These systems have some advanced features, and a learning curve is involved with these systems. When I was first learning about CCTV systems, I had a question come to mind. Can CCTV systems record sound? After some due diligence and research, here is what I have learned.
So, can CCTV systems record sound? Yes, CCTV systems also known as IP cameras can record audio and video. CCTV cameras can record sound in two different manners. They can either record sound through a DVR microphone or they can record sound using an analog signal transmission. This is referred to as IP CCTV.
If some of this information still sounds like a foreign language to you, don’t worry. I plan on breaking it down for you in plain English to help you gain a better understanding of the topic.
If you stick around for a moment, I will break down how CCTV cameras record sound and cover some other frequently asked questions and legalities involved that may pop up during the process.
Factors to Consider and A More in Depth Look at CCTV Sound
Option 1- Analog CCTV- As stated above, the sound on CCTV cameras can be recorded in two different fashions. The first method is referred to as Analog CCTV. This merely means that the audio input will be fed into your DVR.
Using this method to record sound means that the DVR will be the direct recipient of the audio or analog signal transmission. The DVR will handle the rest from here. Your DVR will now digitize the analog transmission and create it in a manner that’s available for the user to playback with ease.
Option 2- IP CCTV- With this option, your IP camera system will have an audio input. Your audio input will be fed directly into your IP camera in most circumstances. Your camera will then control and dictate how this sound is recorded. Also, the camera will monitor how the audio is replayed. The same result will happen. You will be able to play back these audio files easily.
Explaining IP CCTV Sound in More Depth
Using the IP CCTV option to record sound has a few more points to cover. First, you need to keep in mind that using this method allows the microphone to digitalize the audio when it hits the camera level. Your camera is then responsible for sending this audio transmission back tour NVR.
It’s at this point you will be able to playback and access these audio files instantly.
How Many Microphones Can I Have on My CCTV System?
This depends on a few factors. First, it depends on how many video channels the NVR/DVR system allows you to have. It also makes a big difference if your IP cameras come equipped with the ability and provide audio inputs. Without audio inputs, this method does not work. Let’s translate this into something that’s easier to understand.
If your NVR has 4 channels, you now can connect and use a total of 4 microphones. If your NVR has 6 channels, you can use 6 microphones. It will always be 1 channel per microphone/camera.
What About Surveillance Cameras? Do They Work The Same?
These cameras work in the exact same fashion. The surveillance cameras will also record and playback audio. It is, however, important to understand the laws and workplace laws before implementing these practices.
Many employers or individuals have opted not to record sound for privacy-related reasons and the risk of being liable for specific violations.
What Benefits Can CCTV Audio Provide Me?
It depends on the circumstances. One example of taking full advantage of CCTV camera audio is the ability to have an audio recording for a baby monitor. You can also use these CCTV cameras that are audio equipped to communicate with your pets and or visitors without being present. These are nice added benefits that are free from potential of liability when using CCTV audio capabilities.
How Do You Know If A Camera Is Audio Ready?
This is often going to be challenging. Audio equipped CCTV cameras are hard to notice. The microphones aren’t usually visible or detectable to the naked eye. One way to figure out if your CCTV camera is equipped with sound capabilities is to read the product guide and specifications.
You can also look for a small hole in the camera housing that indicated it has a microphone-equipped for picking up, transmitting and recording sound.
What Kind of Range Do CCTV Cameras Have for Audio Quality?
Again, this is going to vary significantly based on the camera you have. Some cameras are going to have very high-quality recording and distance capabilities, and some are going to have poor quality and not pick up the sound quality from longer distances.
If you need long range abilities, you will want to spend the money and get a reputable brand and high-end camera. Some of the more branded and high-end cameras can record clear audio up to 6 meters away.
Is Using the Audio Features on Your CCTV Cameras Hard to Use
Not at all. Learning to use your audio abilities on these systems is straight forward and not overly complicated to accomplish. Usually, you can do all this right from your smartphone. You can’t really beat that.
Most of these cameras will have an application for your mobile device or some form of a secure login. At this point, you can merely log in and check a box that allows you to turn on and off the audio recording abilities of your systems.
Is Recording CCTV Sound Legal or Illegal?
This depends heavily on why you are recording the audio, where you are recording the sound and where you live. For instance, anytime your CCTV system and cameras are installed in your home for security purposes, you are 100% legal to record sound freely.
Placing the cameras in shady spots such as bedrooms, bathrooms is when it becomes more of a grey area and should be avoided.
Your best bet is to manually go check all privacy and audio recording laws for your specific state to ensure you are not violating any laws. Better safe than sorry.
Do All Security Systems and Cameras Record Sound?
No, not all security systems record sound. Especially some older systems that are not equipped with audio recording abilities or microphones. Newer systems, however, do provide the ability to record sound. It’s more of which method the systems are capable or compatible with that needs to be considered when choosing your CCTV systems.
Can You Be Recorded Without Giving Verbal Consent?
Just like we stated before, recording sound for security purposes in your home is 100% legal. Recording other parties in different scenarios without their consent is not legal nor should you do so.
Especially without checking laws and what’s permitted and not permitted where you live. In some states, you need all parties to fully consent before ever being recorded or having audio recordings take place.
Here’s a full list of those states that need full consent before recording audio takes place.
- New Hampshire
Another method you can use to play it extra safe is always to display a sign that audio and video is being recorded to that individual entering the property are aware that they can be audio recorded. At this point in many states, this would be considered the second party as giving consent to the recordings.
Also, please keep in mind that I’m by no means an Attorney. I don’t recommend applying all this advice and feeling 100% cozy that you aren’t violating any laws in your area or state. Consult an attorney if you have doubts about how to legally record sound with your CCTV system.
Do CCTV Cameras Always Have Microphones Installed on them?
No, not always. Most reputable brands and dealers, yes, they will be included and ready to record, transmit and playback audio, but options are still available that are not audio capable. These will be lower end systems or budget systems.
Newer technology with CCTV, however, will have these capabilities and within a few years, it will probably be more difficult to find systems that don’t have these capabilities already built in and ready to use.
Summing Things Up, Audio Capabilities is Awesome, But Exercise Caution
At the end of the day, the capabilities to record sound with your CCTV systems and cameras can hold a beneficial and definite purpose. In a world evolving and needing information and abilities to complete the task with the click of the button, I suspect these will only grow further, and abilities will be dramatically improved.
However, exercising caution with CCTV cameras and audio recordings/playbacks is essential in protecting yourself from dealing with unwanted lawsuits, or other trouble.
What experience do you have with recording CCTV sound? What do you believe best practices would be for these systems would be? Be sure to drop a comment below.