With technology changing consistently and at new rapid speeds we often run into questions along the way. We often can’t keep up with how fast new technology is released or what the best options are. This is normal and nothing to worry about too much. Thankfully, the power of the internet is also changing at lightning speeds and allowing us to provide answers to more in-depth questions with the click of a button.
Understanding CCTV camera systems
So, are CCTV cameras interchangeable? It depends. Analog DVR’s are for the most part interchangeable. This just means that you can use different cameras with different DVRs from various brands and manufactures without any issue. This doesn’t necessarily make it the best option.
I know this didn’t answer the question fully and since we briefly mentioned that this isn’t necessarily the best option in all scenarios, I wanted to take the time to dive deeper and explain. Also, if you read on for a minute or two, I’ll break down the alternative solutions that may be a better bang for your buck.
Let’s get started.
3 CCTV Systems Explained and A Deeper Look
First, you need to understand that with CCTV systems you have 3 primary forms. You have the analog systems, the IP systems, and the HDCVI security cameras. All three have some unique components that need to be covered before doing much else.
Not all of these are as compatible or interchangeable either, so it is important to understand at least the main differences between each of them.
Up First. The Analog CCTV Surveillance Systems
With an analog CCTV system, the video is sent through a traditional band format over COAX or UTP. The video is posted back your DVR recorder which will then digitize the footage for you and stores the images and videos to the hard drive until it begins to fill and erase some of the first in the footage.
With newer DVR systems, they are all almost likely to be network connected devices. This essentially just means you can access them remotely using LAN/WIFI. It’s not the old school tape type video some of you may be thinking of. Who am I kidding, I highly doubt anyone reading this thought these recorded to tapes.
As the system fills up, it will automatically delete the oldest files. It’s a first in first out style set up to ensure there is always enough storage space and memory available. You can still alter these settings to fit your needs for storage and video playback needs if you desire to do so.
What Can Be Interchanged with These Systems?
This is tricky to answer, but the answer is sometimes. Many cameras will be compatible with network
This will help ensure you don’t spend the money on something that ultimately won’t be compatible, but for the most part, newer technology is easily swapped in and out with these systems.
The IP CCTV Surveillance Systems
Up next, you have the IP CCTV systems. These are the same in a lot of ways but still a different setup. With IP video cameras, they will broadcast the video as a digital stream using your network instead of sending the feed directly back to the DVR system. Instead of using a DVR for these systems, you will now be using an NVR (network video recorder).
A lot of the time, this can still be the original DVR but just needs updated software to convert to the new NVR format and allow for the analog feed to be interchanged over to digital instead of analog style video feeds.
Can I Interchange any IP CCTV Hardware?
If you’re using a network-based or IP CCTV system, you can interchange cameras and components most of the time. Also, it’s clear that since its often only software changes that are needed to convert the old DVR to an NVR that these can be interchangeable as well.
You have a lot of options when it comes to these systems, but again, I always recommend double-checking that something will work for sure before pulling the trigger. It doesn’t take long to verify if it’s compatible so it’s silly not to at least double check.
The CVI CCTV Surveillance Systems
Last on our list of the system is your CVI-HD systems. This is known as a high definition composite video. This is the newest form of CCTV technology on the market today. It helps to provide different video signal using coaxial cables.
An HD CVI uses what’s known as a licensed video transmitter and receiver and can deliver some stunning quality. 1080p video resolution to be exact. These also use uncompressed video so that can transmit signals over longer distances then your standard analog and IP CCTV systems.
Are CVI CCTV Systems Interchangeable?
This will be the hardest of them all to interchange since its newer technology and uses different software. The cameras used with CVI are high resolution and designed to work at 1600 feet of distance as opposed to 300 feet for your standard IP or Analog CCTV System.
Even if it is possible to swap and interchange some of this hardware. It doesn’t really make much sense to do so considering the individuals purchasing the CVI systems are looking for the longer distance capabilities and higher resolution video imaging that they can create. If you don’t need these features, it’s wise to stick with one of the other two formats unless the current pricing makes sense to upgrade.
Other Considerations for If a CCTV System is Interchangeable or Not
It’s also important to keep in mind that you can’t mix cross HD capable products. What this means is that if you have an HD CCTV such as
When you run into these issues it’s possible that you can still interchange hardware if you are okay with standard definition, but in a world that’s advancing with technology and how quickly it gets better for the users, this most likely won’t make much sense unless you are really trying to save some money mixing and matching equipment and different CCTV components.
Can I use any DVR for my CCTV Cameras?
In most circumstances. Yes, you can. Most CCTV cameras are going to use a coaxial cable with BNC connectors. If this is what your CCTV cameras are equipped with, it would be very tough to run into a DVR that’s not capable of having an input for the BNC connector and will most likely be compatible. Never hurts to double check though.
Do I Have to Have A Hard Drive for My CCTV?
No, not necessarily. The CCTV cameras and systems can work just fine without a hard drive, but you do need some of the storage. Without storage, there is nowhere for the camera video recording to store for later viewing. You would still be able to live stream cameras without a hard drive, but you would have no capabilities of playing back old footage.
This somewhat defeats the purpose. If you show up to your vacation home and realize you had a break in and need to find out who may have done it using your CCTV hard drive and playback capabilities, it’s going to be tough to do when the footage hasn’t been stored in any fashion.
Will 1080p camera still work on a 960h DVR?
Yes. It will even still play and record good picture quality on a standard resolution DVR, but you aren’t going to get the full 1080p quality that your camera is capable of.
It would be better to use a DVR system that can handle and support the full-size image and quality in this situation, but if you are trying to save a few bucks, I can see where you may be tempted to use these components together until you can upgrade to a higher quality DVR system.
Why Would I Want or Need the Ability to Interchange CCTV Hardware?
This could be for several reasons, but in most circumstances, it’s going to be due to saving money because you already have compatible hardware that can get the job done from an old system.
Sometimes, quality doesn’t mean the most to the user or system owner, so this can often work great to provide security and other benefits.
If this is the case, mixing and matching isn’t necessarily the worst idea. If all functions can be working correctly and you are still using the CCTV cameras and system for the right purposes, there is no reason not to consider this avenue.
Again, always double check compatibility just to be safe. No reason not to.
Putting It All Together. Mix and Match If You Wish, Or Just Buy All Brand New!
I’m personally not a mix and match kind of guy, but I do see the appeal and benefits of these systems being compatible not only with other CCTV systems and hardware, but I understand the appeal in being compatible with older equipment and technology.
If it’s not broke, no need to fix it necessarily. Especially with CCTV systems. Outdoor cameras are going to take more wear and tear than your DVR system so sometimes you will need to change components, technology or even software.
Double check your system’s specifications and compatibility. If it permits interchanging than its a perfectly viable route. If, however, it doesn’t, then you’re stuck shopping for some newer hardware.